Shaykh Dr Abdalqadir as-Sufi

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Shaykh Dr. Abdalqadir as-Sufi entered Islam with the Imam of the Qarawiyyin Mosque in Fez, Morocco, and studied under Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib of Meknes and Shaykh Muhammad al-Fayturi of Beghazi.


Shaykh Dr. Abdalqadir as-Sufi has been responsible for the most far-reaching and successful Islamic Da’wa of the 20th century. He has founded mosques in England, Spain and South Africa. His writings encompass well over 20 books and many essays and articles, and he has initiated the translation and publication of numerous classical works of Islam, most notably the Muwatta of Imam Malik and Ash-Shifa of Qadi ‘Iyad.

His students, many of whom are world-renowned and respected in their own fields, have been responsible among other things for definitive translations of the Qur’an into English and Spanish. (1)

Abdalqadir as-Sufi (born 1930 Ian Dallas in Ayr, Scotland) is a Shaykh of Tarbiyah (Instruction), leader of the Darqawi-Shadhili-Qadiri Tariqa, founder of the Murabitun World Movement and author of numerous books on Islam, Sufism (Tasawwuf) and political theory. Born in Scotland, he was a playwright and actor before he accepted Islam in 1967 with the Imam of the Masjid al-Qarawiyyin (Qarawiyyin Mosque) in Fes, Morocco.

Abdalqadir as-Sufi has worked in spreading Islam since that time and has students all over the world in both Muslim and non-Muslim lands. He continues to write; among his latest publications are The Book of Tawhid, The Book of Hubb, The Book of 'Amal and The Book of Safar, and as Ian Dallas Ian Dallas Collected Works, The Time of the Bedouin – on the politics of power, Political Renewal and The Interim is Mine (2010). His commentary on current events and issues affecting Muslims in different parts of the world can be found on his website. He currently resides in Cape Town, South Africa, where he holds regular gatherings of Dhikr and instruction in the Islamic sciences.
Early life
In 1930 Ian Dallas was born in Scotland of a Highland family whose history dates back to 1279. Educated at Ayr Academy, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (R.A.D.A) and the University of London, where he was tutored in Elizabethan social history by Muriel St. Clare Byrne. On leaving R.A.D.A. he wrote his first play, A Masque of Summer, which was presented at the Glasgow Citizens' Theatre. His second play was first presented at the Pitlochry Festival Theatre, and then at R.A.D.A.'s Vanburgh Theatre with Albert Finney in the lead. This led to a BBC TV presentation with Peter Cushing and Mary Morris. Contracted to BBC TV Drama, there followed a series of plays and dramatisations. His adaptation of Conrad's 'Secret Agent' starred Sir Alan Bates, and that of O'Neill's 'Strange Interlude' starred Diane Cilento. With Constance Cox he initiated the first BBC TV classical series with 'Jane Eyre' and 'Vanity Fair'. His original plays on TV included 'Statue of David' with Jill Bennet and 'Light from a Star' with Isa Miranda. After this he travelled extensively in Greece, France and Italy.[1] In 1963 he starred in Federico Fellini's film 8½ as "Il partner della telepata".[2]

Conversion
As-Sufi converted to Islam in 1967 in Fes, Morocco as Abdalqadir, witnessed by Abdalkarim Daudi, the Imam Khatib of the Qarawiyyin Mosque, and Alal al-Fasi. He then joined the Darqawi order as a student of Muhammad ibn al-Habib,[3] who conferred on him the title of as-Sufi. He travelled Morocco and Algeria with his Shaykh and was further instructed in Sufism by Sidi Hamud ibn al-Bashir of Blida and Sidi Fudul al-Huwari as-Sufi of Fes.[1]
Tariqa
His idhn (authorization) for the Darqawi Tariqa comes through two Shaykhs: Muhammad ibn al-Habib of Morocco, who was his first Shaykh and who made him his Muqaddem (representative), and Muhammad al-Fayturi Hamudah. After returning to Europe from Morocco, he was ordered to Benghazi, Libya, by al-Fayturi, who was a direct inheritor from Ahmad ibn Mustafa al-Alawi. There he was put into Khalwa (retreat). Some time after this, Abdalqadir as-Sufi announced his leadership of the Darqawa.

In this initial period he oversaw an important set of translations of Islamic texts for the first time in English, including Malik ibn Anas's "al-Muwatta", Qadi Iyad's "ash-Shifa", as well as the Diwans of his two Shaykhs and Ahmad ibn 'Ajiba's "Basic Research".
Teaching
Abdalqadir as-Sufi advocates adherence to the original legal school of Islam, the Amal of Ahl-ul-Madinah[4] as recorded by Malik ibn Anas, since, as discussed at length in his seminal work Root Islamic Education,[5] he considers this the primal formulation of Islamic society and a necessity for the re-establishment of Islam in the current age. Within this he further advocates and teaches the 'Aqidah of Ash'ari and the Tasawwuf of Imam Junayd Baghdadi.

Abdalqadir has been responsible for the establishment of three mosques,

Ihsan Mosque, Norwich, England[6]
The Great Mosque of Granada[7]
The Jumu'a Mosque of Cape Town[8]

His students are encouraged to recite the Wird[9] of Muhammad ibn al-Habib and the instructional Qasidas from the Diwans of Muhammad ibn al-Habib and Muhammad al-Fayturi.

Abdalqadir as-Sufi teaches that suicide-terrorism is forbidden under Islamic law, that its psychological pattern stems from Nihilism,[10] and that it "draws attention away from the fact that capitalism has failed." He has stated that Britain is on "the edge of terminal decline" and that only Britain's Muslim population can "revitalise this ancient realm".[11] He has written extensively on the importance of monarchy and personal rule.[12]
Murabitun World Movement
In the early 1980s Abdalqadir founded the Murabitun World Movement, whose aim is to work towards re-establishment of Islam in its totality. Primary emphasis is placed upon the pillar of Zakat (Islam's obligatory tax on standing wealth) which, as Abdalqadir argues, has been abolished, since being changed beyond recognition by the acceptance of the dominant, non-Islamic financial and political practices. He has argued that the restoration of Zakat necessitates a restoration of the authentic Shari'ah currency, the Islamic gold dinar and silver dirham, in the weights and measures used at the time of Muhammad and recorded by Umar Ibn al-Khatab, the second Caliph of the Muslims. The other major condition of a correct Zakat, he argues, is the existence of personal rule, or Amirate, since Zakat is, by Qur'anic injunction, accepted rulings and established practice, taken by the leader, not given as a voluntary sadaqa.[13]

His position on the Islamic gold dinar and silver dirham has been expanded upon at length using the sources in the Fiqh, and formulated for modern-day application, by his student Umar Ibrahim Vadillo.[14]
Authorship

In 2001, the Universiti Sains Malaysia conferred on him an Honorary Doctorate of Literature for his life's writings.
The books he has written over the past 30 years include:
  • The Book of Strangers, (State Univ of New York Press, 1972, ISBN 978-0-88706-990-1)
  • The Way of Muhammad,[15] an existential exposition of the pillars of Islam from the perspective of Sufism (Diwan Press, 1975, OCLC 16373203)
  • Indications From Signs, (Diwan Press, June 1980, ISBN 978-0-90651-212-8)
  • The Hundred Steps, a classic work on key steps in the path of Sufism (Portobello Press, ISBN 978-1-87421-604-9)
  • Qur'anic Tawhid, (Diwan Press, 1981, ISBN 978-0-90651-214-2)
  • Letter to An African Muslim, (Diwan Press, 1981, ISBN 0906512131)
  • Kufr - An Islamic Critique, (Diwan Press, 1982, ASIN: B0007C6U32)
  • Root Islamic Education,[16] written on the school of the people of Madinah under the leadership of Imam Malik (Madinah Press, June 1993, ISBN 978-1-87421-605-6)
  • The Sign of the Sword, an examination on the judgements on jihād in the light of classical works of fiqh, particularly al-Qawanin al-fiqhiyyah of Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi, relating it to the contemporary situation and the global dominance of world banking and usury finance. (Diwan Press, 1984, ISBN 978-1-87120-726-2)
  • The Return of the Khalifate, a historical work on the Ottomans, their demise and its causes and an exposition of a route to the recovery of the khalifate (Madinah Press, 1996, ISBN 978-1-87421-621-6)
  • The Technique of the Coup de Banque[17] on the modern age since its inception in the French Revolution. (Kutubia Mayurqa, 2000, ISBN 849305156X)
  • Sultaniyya[18] is a modern statement on leadership in Islam. Abdalqadir surveys Islam under the chapter headings Deen, Dawla (polity), Waqf, Trade, the Sultan — personal rule — and Tasawwuf. (Madinah Press, Cape Town, 2002, OCLC: 50875888)
  • Collected Works (Budgate Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-62034-379-4)
  • The Book of Tawhid (Madinah Press, 2006, ISBN 0-620-36126-3)
  • The Time of the Bedouin (Budgate Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-62037-366-1)
  • The Book of Hubb (Madinah Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-62039-911-1)
  • The Book of 'Amal (Madinah Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-62040-463-1)
  • The Book of Safar (Madinah Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-620-44110-0)
  • Political Renewal (The End of the Political Class/The House of Commons and Monarchy) (Budgate Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-620-44573-3)
  • The Muslim Prince (Madinah Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-62043-455-3)
  • The Interim is Mine (Budgate Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-620-44110-0)

sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdalqadir_as-Sufi

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